What is Diabetes? What to Do if I Found Out I Have a Diabetes
Now that you have your diagnosis, you may be wondering what to do going forward. What even is diabetes? What causes it, and what are the different types? Today’s post will answer ALL of your questions so you can go forward healthily and happily!
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic condition that affects how the body digests and absorbs food.. The majority of the food you eat gets broken down by the body into glucose, a type of sugar. Normally, this glucose gets used by the body for energy.
Once glucose gets into your bloodstream through digestion, your pancreas begins to release insulin. Insulin is NECESSARY for your body’s cells to actually utilize your blood sugar. This is where diabetes comes in.
Depending on what type of diabetes you have, your body either produces too little insulin or your cells are insulin resistant. This leads to your blood sugar remaining high, which comes with several different health risks.
Now that we’ve covered what diabetes is, it raises the question: What exactly causes diabetes?
What Causes Diabetes?
Diabetes is caused when there’s too much glucose in your blood, meaning you have too much blood sugar. There are a few different things that can actually lead to this though. Let’s go over some potential factors:
- Having a family history of diabetes can put you at higher risk of developing it.
- Being overweight is also a risk factor for developing diabetes.
- Being physically inactive, which ties into being overweight, can also lead to diabetes.
- Eating an unhealthy diet, just like the past two risk factors, is another potential risk factor.
Diabetes is caused by having elevated blood sugar for too long. There are several different things that can lead to having elevated blood sugar, ranging from family genetics to lifestyle.
Another thing to consider is the TYPE of diabetes you have. There are a few different types, but the two most common are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Let’s talk about the different types of diabetes.
Types of Diabetes
There are a few different forms of diabetes. Each different type has different causes, and people diagnosed with different types will have to stay on top of their condition in different ways. The two main types of diabetes are: Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
First up, type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, where the body’s immune system attacks the body. Although the EXACT cause isn’t known, what HAPPENS in type 1 diabetics is known. Cells responsible for insulin production are destroyed by the immune system. This leads to the body being unable to make insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder where the cells responsible for insulin production are destroyed. As a result, type 1 diabetics are unable to produce insulin and have to take insulin injections to assist in nutrient absorption.
Type 2 Diabetes
The next type of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetics can produce insulin. Instead, the cells of type 2 diabetics are unable to respond efficiently to insulin, leading to high blood sugar. Where as type 1 diabetes is an immune disorder, type 2 diabetes is more often caused by lifestyle.
Type 2 diabetes is a disease, which happens when the body’s cells become insulin resistant. Type 2 diabetics cells don’t respond to insulin and as such, glucose remains high when it should be utilized by the body. Lifestyle changes are generally used to treat type 2 diabetes, but insulin may also be taken.
If you’ve just been diagnosed with diabetes, understanding the disease is crucial. Diabetes is caused by the blood sugar being too high. The SPECIFICS vary between different types. Type 2 diabetics are insulin resistant while type 1 diabetics are unable to produce insulin. Listen to your doctor's advice to stay on top of your diabetes. This will ensure you can continue living normally.
- CDC: What is diabetes?
- Cleveland Clinic: Diabetes: An Overview
- Healthline: What are the different types of diabetes?
- Healthline: What is type 1 diabetes?
- Healthline: Understanding type 2 diabetes
Disclaimer: The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.
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